Father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi is a person who would live in the heart of every Indian. People know him by the name of “bapu” as well. Using the following mahatma gandhi essay, you can prepare your child to perform better in their essay competition.
Short note on Mahatma Gandhi (essay 1)
Mahatma Gandhi‘s full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who fought against the British rule. He was born on second October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat.
Gandhi is called as Mahatma because of his great book and greatness all through his life. He was a great freedom fighter who was against the fly lanes and kept following nonviolent all through his life while leading India for the independence from British rule.
He was just 18 years old when he went to England to study law later he went to colony of South Africa to practice his law. In South Africa, he got differentiated from the light skin people because of being a dark skin man that was the time when he decided that he would become a political activist in order to do some positive changes in such unfair laws.
When he returned back to India, he started a powerful and nonviolent movement to make India an Independent country. He inspired a lot of Indian people to work against British rule for their own independence.
This was the short mahatma gandhi essay in english in 500 words.
Mahatma Gandhi essay (essay 2)
Mahatma Gandhi was a great personality of India who is still inspiring thousands of people throughout the world through his legacy of greatness, idleness and noble life. Mahatma Gandhi was born in a Hindu family in Gujarat.
When Mahatma Gandhi return back from practicing his law, he saw that Indians were Facing a lot of trouble because of the British rule. He started helping Indian people by starting a movement called Sutter Gray hare against the British rule. Apart from that, Mahatma Gandhi in sake of independence started another movement known as non-cooperation movement in 1920 and later civil disobedience movement in 1930 and after that, quit India movement in 1942.
He started all these movements to fight against the injustice of British us and even got insulted many times but that didn’t shake his will and determination to get independence. He continued his nonviolent struggle for the independence and even joined Indian national Congress as a member. He was a great leader who struggled a lot for the freedom. Then he became the member of Indian national Congress he started the movement.
As a result he got arrested and sent to jail many times but he continued fighting against British rule for the justice of Indians. He was a great believer in the unity of people of all religions which he followed all through his struggle for independence. With so many struggles, he became successful in making India an independent country on 15th August 1947. Later he was assassinated in 1948 by Nathuram Godse, an Hindu Activist. Nathuram Godse was later got hanged.
Mahatma gandhi essay (Essay 3)
Mahatma Gandhi is Vanna known as the father of nation because of his greatest contributions towards the independence of India. He was the one who believed in getting independence through nonviolence and unity of people. Apart from working for the independence, Mahatma Gandhi worked hard for the removal of untouchability from the Indian society and upliftment of backward classes in India.
He inspired Indian people to use sweaty she good and even raised voice to develop villages for social development. Also he bought common people in front to participate in the national movement and even inspired them for their true freedom.
With his noble ideas and supreme sacrifices, he converted people to dream of independence into truth. He is still remembered for his great work and major virtues such as truth, love, nonviolence and fraternity. He was not born as great but he made himself great through his hardships.
He was a social reformer and a freedom fighter who died a day after completing his aim. He inspired a lot of people for the manual labor and said that arrange all the resources by yourself for a living a simple life. He also started weaving cotton clothes through our use of charkha in order to avoid the use of videshi good and promotion of swadeshi good among Indians.
He was a strong believer of agriculture and even motivated people to do it because our country’s economy is dependent upon it.
In this 3rd essay on Gandhiji we got to know that he died a heroic death on 30th January 1948 and his body was cremated at Raj Ghat, New Delhi. Every year 30th January is celebrated as the Martyr Day in order to pay homage to him.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (essay 4)
Mahatma Gandhi was a great follower of nonviolence which is the practice of not hurting anyone intentionally or in intentionally. This was the practice which was processed by great saints like Gautam Buddha and Mahaveer. He used nonviolence as a weapon to fight against the British rule in India to gain
independence Without even lifting a single weapon.
Role of non violence in Indian Freedom struggle:
After the involvement of Mahatma Gandhi, the role of non-violence in the Indian freedom struggle became prominent. There were many violent freedom struggle in the country and the importance of these could not be ignored. Many sacrifices were made in the fight against British rule by our freedom fighters. But non-violence was a protest that was done very peacefully and was a great way to demand full independence. Mahatma Gandhi used
non-violence in every movement against British rule. Mahatma Gandhi’s most important nonviolence movement which shook the foundation of the British government, is as follows.
Champaran and Kheda movement
In 1917, the British forced Champaran farmers to grow indigo and then sold them at very cheap prices. Mahatma Gandhi organized a non-violent protest against this practice and was forced to accept the demand of British farmers.
Kheda village was hit by floods in 1918 and a major famine was born in this area. The British were not ready to give any concession or relief in taxes. Gandhiji did non-cooperation movement and protested against the British administration for several months. Eventually the administration was forced to provide tax relief and temporarily the revenue collection was suspended.
Jalianwala Bagh massacre and rigid British policies led the non-cooperation movement in 1920. It was opposed to non-violence against British rule. Gandhiji believed that the main reason for the British who flourished in India is the support they get from the Indians. They requested to boycott the use of British products and promoted the use of ‘indigenous’ products. Indians refused to work for the British and withdrew themselves from British schools, civil services, government jobs etc. People started resigning from the main posts, which affected the British administration.
The non-cooperation movement shook the foundation of British rule and all these were used without any weapon. The power of non-violence was more clear in the non-cooperation movement.
Salt satyagraha or salt march
Salt March or ‘Salt Satyagraha’ was a non-violence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi, who was against the salt monopoly of the British. The British imposed heavy taxes on salt production which affected local salt production. Gandhiji started 26 days of non-violence from Dandi village in Gujarat, which was opposed by the British government’s salt monopoly.
Dandi began on March 12, 1930 with the Sabarmati Ashram and ended on December 06, 1930 in Dandi, which broke the salt laws of the British government and started local production of salt. Salt March was a nonviolent movement that got international attention and helped to strengthen the foundation of independent India.
Quit India Movement
Following the successful movement of salt march, the foundation of the British government was completely shaken. On August 8, 1942, the Quit India Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi, in which the British had demanded to leave India. It was the time of World War II when Britain was already in war with Germany and the Quit India Movement worked as a ghee in the fire.
Non-violent civil disobedience was launched on a large scale throughout the country and Indians also demanded that they be separated from World War II. The effect of the Quit India Movement was so intense that the British government agreed to provide complete independence to India as soon as the war ended. Quit India Movement was the last tack in the casket of British rule in India.